Mozambique has enormous economic potential. In 2011, huge natural gas reserves were discovered off the country's northern coast. In theory, they could help Mozambique become one of the world's largest exporters of gas. The country also has further mineral resources, renewable energy resources and vast areas that can be used for agriculture.
In the last few years, Rwanda has made remarkable progress towards reaching the Millennium Development Goals. And yet, Rwanda – one of the smallest states in Africa and the continent’s most densely populated country – is still one of the poorest countries in the world. It ranks 163rd on the UN Human Development Index (HDI 2014), out of a total of 188 countries.
People have been living around the Gulf of Guinea for many centuries. However, the country now known as Togo was not established until the end of the 19th century. Following World War I, Togo was divided into French and British administrative zones. The British area in the west was integrated into Ghana in 1957, while the French-ruled region in the east became partially autonomous and then fully independent as the Republic of Togo in 1960. The population consists of more than 40 different ethnic groups.